Course Syllabus
Fall 1998
Stuart McConnell
Scott 227, Pitzer College
E-mail: stuart_mcconnell@pitzer.edu
    Office hours: T 4-5; Th 1-2:30, and by appointment
 
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This course offers a comprehensive overview of classic and recent scholarship on the era of the U.S civil War and Reconstruction, roughly 1848 to 1877. The format of the course will be that of a small seminar, with participants expected to have read and thoroughly analyzed the common reading for each weekly session. Each participant is also expected to read several (at least three) additional book from the supplementary lists during the course of the semester, and to report on them to the seminar. 

By the end of the semester, you will be expected to compile a historiographical essay on the scholarship of the period, critically assessing each work and explaining its historical and intellectual relation to the others. This essay may be based around a single theme in Civil War and Reconstruction scholarship and serve as a prelude to a major paper or dissertation, or you may prefer to assess scholarship on the period as a whole. 

 

    Schedule of meetings 

        September 1:      Introduction to the course, and discussion of Civil War historiography 

 
        September 8:     David M Potter, The Impending Crisis, 1848-1861 

    Individual reports: 
    1.  William W. Freehling, The Road to Disunion: Secessionists at Bay, 1776-1854 
    2.  William E. Gienapp, The Origins of the Republican Party, 1852-1856 
    3.  Eric Foner, Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men: The Ideology of the Republican Party Before the Civil War 
    4.  Jean Baker, Affairs of Party: The Political Culture of the Northern Democrats in the Mid-Nineteenth Century 
    5.  Daniel Walker Howe, The Politcal Culture of the American Whigs 

 
        September 15:     Robert W. Fogel, Without Consent Or Contract: The Rise and Fall of American Slavery 

    Individual reports: 
    1.  Robert W. Fogel and Stanley Engerman, Time on the Cross: The Economics of American Negro Slavery, plus Richard Sutch, "The Treatment Received 
         by American Slaves: A Critical Review of Time on the Cross" 
    2.  Eugene D. Genovese, Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World The Slaves Made 
    3.  Kenneth M. Stampp, The Peculiar Institution: Slavery in the Antebellum South 
    4.  Gavin Wright, The Political economy of the Cotton South: Households, Markets and Wealth in the Nineteenth Century 

 
        September 22:     John Ashworth, Slavery, Capitalism and Politics in the Antebellum Republic 

    Individual reports: 
    1.  Eugene D. Genovese, The Political Economy of Slavery: Studies in the Economy and Society of the Slave South 
    2.  George Fitzhugh, Cannibals All! Or, Slaves without Masters 
    3.  David Brion Davis, The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770-1823 
    4.  William W. Freehling, The Reintegration of American History: Slavery and the Civil War 
 

        September 29:     Thomas Haskell, David Brion Davis and John Asnworth, AHR Symposium on Abolitionism; excerpt form Rogers M. Smith, 
        Civic Ideals: Conflicting Visions of Citizenship in U.S. History, on Dred Scott Decision 

    Individual reports: 
    1.  Ronald G. Walters, The Antislavery Appeal: American Abolitionism After 1830 
    2.  George Fredrickson, The Inner Civil War: Northern Intellectuals and the Crisis of the Union 
    3.  Leonard Richards, Gentlemen of Property and Standing: Anti-Abolitionist Mobs in Jacksonian America 
    4.  Benjamin Quarles, Black Abolitionists 
    5.  Paul Finkelman, ed., His Soul goes Marching On: Responses to John Brown and the Harperís Ferry Raid 
 

        October 6:     Charles Royster, The Destructive War: William Tecumseh Sherman, Stonewall Jackson, and the Americans 

    Individual reports: 
    1.  Reid Mitchell, Civil war Soldiers: Their Expectations and Their Experiences 
    2.  Gerald Linderman, Embattled Courage: The Experience of Combat in the American Civil War 
    3.  James M McPherson, For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War 
    4.  Bell Irvin Wiley, The Life of Billy Yank: The Common Solider of the Union 
    5.  Bell Irvin Wiley, The Life of Johnny Reb: The Common Soldier of the Confederacy 
    6.  William McFeeley, Grant: A Biography 
    7.  Thomas L. Connelly, The Marble Man: Robert E. Lee and His Image in American Society 
 

        October 13:     David Donald, ed., Why the North Won the Civil War; Gabor S. Boritt, ed., Why the Confederacy Lost 

    Individual reports: 
    1.  Phillip Shaw Paludan, "A Peopleís Contest": The Union and Civil War, 1861-1865 
    2.  Emory M. Thomas, The Confederate Nation: 1861-1865 
    3.  James M. McPherson, Ordeal by Fire: The Civil War and Reconstruction 
    4.  Albert E. Castel, Decision in the West: The Atlanta Campaign of 1864 
    5.  Stephen W. Sears, To the Gates of Richmond: The Peninsula Campaign 
    6.  Gary W. Gallagher, Third Day at Gettysburg and Beyond 
 

        October 27:     Catherine Clinton and Nina Silber, eds., Divided Houses: Gender and the Civil War 

Individual reports: 
    1.  Reid Mitchell. The Vacant Chair: The Northern Soldier Leaves Home 
    2.  Iver Bernstein, The New York City Draft Riots: Their Significance for American Society and Politics in the Age of the Civil War 
 

        November 3:     Drew Gilpin Faust, Mothers of Invention: Women of the Slaveholding South in the American Civil War 

    Individual reports: 
    1.  Catherine Clinton, Tara Revisited: Women, War and the Plantation Legend 
    2.  Catherine Clinton, The Plantation Mistress: Womanís World in the Old South 
    3.  Elizabeth Fox-Genovese, Within the Plantation Household: Black and White Women of the South 
    4.  Stephanie Mccurry, Masters of Small Worlds: Yeoman Households, Gender Politics, and the Political Culture of the Antebellum 
         South Carolina Low Country 
  

        November 10:     David W. Blight, Frederick Douglassí Civil War: Keeping Faith in Jubilee 

    Individual reports: 
    1.  Joseph T. Glatthaar, Forged in Battle: The Civil war Alliance of Black Soldiers and White Officers 
    2.  Willie Lee Rose, Rehearsal for Reconstruction: The Port Royal Experiment 
    3.  Joel Williamson, The Crucible of Race: Black/White Relations in the American South Since Emancipation 
    4.  David Blight and Brooks Simpson, eds., Union and Emancipation: Essays on Politics and Race in the Civil War Era 
  

        November 17: Eric Foner, Reconstruction: Americaís Unfinished Revolution, 1863-1877, chapters 1-6. 

    Individual reports: 
    1.  W.E.B. DuBois, Black Reconstruction 
    2.  David Montgomery, Beyond Equality: Labor and the Radical Republicans, 1862-1872 
    3.  Kenneth Stampp, The Era of Reconstruction, 1865-1877 
    4.  Claude G. Bowers, The Tragic Era: The Revolution After Lincoln 
    5.  Allan G. Bogue, The Earnest Men: Republicans of the Civil War Senate 
 

        November 24:     Finish Foner, Reconstruction 

     Individual reports: 
    1.  David Donald, Charles Sumner and the Rights of Man 
    2.  Eric L. Mckitrick, Andrew Johnson and Reconstruction 
    3.  Hans L. Trefousse, Thaddeus Stevens: Nineteenth-Century Egalitarian 
    4.  Howard Beale, The Critical Year: A Study of Andrew Johnson and Reconstruction 
 

        December 1:     Stuart McConnell, Glorious Contentment: The Grand Army of the Republic, 1865-1900 

     Individual reports: 
    1.  Carol Reardon, Pickettís Charge in History and Memory 
    2.Jim Cullen, The Civil War in Popular Culture: A Reusable Past 
    3.  Patrick Kelly, Creating a National Home: Building the Veteransí Welfare State, 1860-1900 
    4.  Theda Skocpol, Protecting Soldiers and Mothers: The Political Origins of Social Policy in the United States, introduction and Part I 
    5.  Anne C. Rose, Victorian America and the Civil War 
 

        December 8:     Nina Silber, The Romance of Reunion: Northerners and the South, 1865-1900 

    Individual reports: 
    1.  Gaines Foster, Ghosts of the Confederacy: Defeat, The Lost Cause, and the Emergence of the New South 
    2.  Charles Reagan Wilson, Baptized in Blood: The Religion of the Lost Cause, 1865-1920 
    3.  Paul H. Buck, The Road to Reunion, 1865-1900 
    4.  William R. Taylor, Cavalier and Yankee: The Old south and American National Character