Introduction to Modern Europe
Andrew Aisenberg
 History 110b
 A Web page for History 110b taught at Scripps College by Dr. Andrew Aisenberg and coordinated by the Historical Image Project.

Historical Maps
Outside Links
19th Century Slides
20th Century Slides
Web Crossing
EU Center


Ernest Ludwig Kirchner
(Germany, 18801938)
Two Women, 1911/22
Oil on canvas
59 x 47 in. (149.9 x 119.4 cm)

© January 1999
All rights are reserved. No part of this site (images, lesson plans, faculty information...) may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission.  Email requests to:




   Schedule of Meetings:

     Introduction: Individualism as a Problem of Knowledge

     January 19: Overview of the Course
     January 21: Discussion
     Reading: Dennis Diderot, "Definition of an Encyclopedia" [CR]; Mary
     Shelly, Frankenstein

   I. Knowledge of the Individual 

     January 26: Individualism and the Economy
     January 28: Discussion
     Reading: Selections from Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations [CR]

     February 2: Individualism and Democracy
     February 4: Discussion
     Reading: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, The Social Contract, 5-7, 17-46,
     57-64, 68-9, 89-103
     Web Site: Jean-Jacques Rousseau; Outline of the Social Contract

     February 9: Individualism and Sexual Difference
     February 11: Discussion
     Reading: Selections form Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Emile[CR] and
     Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman [CR]

   II. The French Revolution and the Politics of Liberal 
       Statemaking in Europe

     February 16: The French Revolution
     February 18: Discussion
     Reading: Abbe Sieyes, "What is the Third Estate"; "Declaration of the
     Rights of Man"; O.  de Gouges, "The Declaration of the Rights of
     Man"; George Lamming, "Caliban Orders History" [CR]

     February 23: Industrialization and Urbanization
     February 25: Discussion
     Reading: Friedrich Engles, The Conditions of the Working Class, 9-86

     March 2: The "Social Question"
     March 4: Papers Due--No Discussion
     Reading: Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto;
     "1848 in France"
     Web site: Marx and Engels 

     March 9: Domesticity and the "Women's Question"
     March 11: Discussion
     Reading: J. S. Mill, The Subjection of Women; Florance Nightingale,
     Cassandra; Merriman, pp. 645-658
     Web site: J. S. Mill

     March 15-19: Spring Break--No classes

  III. Reimagining the Individual 

     March 23: Consumer Society
     March 25: Discussion
     Reading:  Selections from Thorstein Veblen, Zola, The Theory of the
     Leisure Class [CR]

     March 30: Psychoanalysis
     April 1: Discussion
     Reading:  Sigmund Freud, Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality

     April 6: Colonialism
     April 8: Discussion
     Reading:  George Orwell, Burmese Days 

  IV. Death of the Individual

     April 13: World War I
     April 15: Discussion
     Reading: Erich Maria Remarque, All Quiet on the Western Front
     Web sites: World War I

     April 20: From the Revolution to the Emergence of Totalitarianism
     April 22: Discussion--Papers Due
     Reading: Mikhail Bulgakov, The Master and Margarita

     April 27: World War II and the Destruction of European Jewery
     April 29: Discussion
     Reading: Primo Levi, Survival at Auschwitz; Art Spiegelman, Mauss II
     Web sites: Chiam

     May 4: From European Nationstates to European Community
     May 6: Discussion
     Reading: Vaclav Havel; Salih, "The Power of the Powerless"
     Web sites: Human rights; The Berlin Wall; European community

     Back to main page

Professor Andrew R. Aisenberg 
Humanities 218 
Class hours:TTH 9:40, Balch 29 
Multimedia Assistant: Steve Baule 
Spring Semester, 1999

    Books to Purchase: The following are required reading and are available at the reserve desk at Honold Library.  In addition, a course reader containing photocopied materials is available for purchase.  The cost is $9.50 and can be purchased at the Clarke Humanities Museum. Please see Mrs. Nancy Burson between the hours of 8 and 12, or 1 and 5.  Course reader materials are indicated in the syllabus by [CR]

Mary Shelly, Frankenstien
Jean Jacques Rousseau, The Social Contract and Discourse on the Origin of Inequality
Freidich Engles, The Condition of the Working Class
Karl Marx, and Engels, The Communist Manifesto
John Stuart Mill, The Subjugation of Women
Florance Nightengale, Cassandra
Sigmound Freud, 3 Essays on the Theory of Sexuality
George Orwell, Burmese Days
Erich Maria Remarque, All Quite on the Western Front
Mikhail Bulgakov, The Master and Mararita
Primo Levi, Survival in Aushwitz
Art Speigelman, Maus II

    Requirements: The Class will consist of one lecture (Tuesday) and one discussion (Thursday) each week.  Attendance at both lectures and discussions is  mandatory.  In fulfillment of the course writing requirement, students will complete two five-page papers and a take-home final examination.  Topics for the paper will focus on the "1848 in France" documents and Bulgakov's The Master and Margarita.